Personality disorders encompass an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture. This pattern is manifested in several areas.
- cognition (i.e., ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events)
- affectivity (i.e., the range, intensity, liability, and appropriateness of emotional response)
- interpersonal functioning
- impulse control
The enduring pattern leads to clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
A pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of other such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by the following:
- suspects, with sufficient bases, that other are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her
- is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty of friends and associates
- reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her